most brilliant of word games

The idea is to come up with three word phrases where the first half and the second half consist entirely of repeated sounds, and if needed an explanation of their meaning.

For example, if one was cooking an outdoor meal in honor of a certain famous American doll, and it was so popular people had to form a line to get in, that line would be a Barbi barbecue queue. Simalary, if one had some out of date preserved pork from a certain Lancashire town, in would be a old Oldham ham.

Of course the two meanings of the repeated sounds have to be different!

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Sinning Against the Moon

Sinning Against the Moon

On the Starships before

the Globe was Shrouded in Bliss

Was Spun from Carbon Sun

Zero Star Energy

Echoed the Crystal Cork

of the Moon’s Innocence

Opened like Zinfandel

in Micro-Gravity

You could Bubble Upward

from Sphere to Sphere

and Ship to Ship

…………………through the Co-Axial

And that is how they Spun

this Stuff Called “Earth”

an Elemental Sphere

With Luna Crystal

falling through the Heavens

in a Cascading Vortex

of Angels and Death

Judgement, Despair, and

Heaving Breasts

Falling Hard

Towards the EArth

which they had Spun, and Still Spin

From the Fountain of Life

If not for the Tree of Knowledge

and the Goodness of the Luna Plant

The psylocibin is the Programming Drug

which, tearing life from limb,

gives ascent

to the Sphere’s Release

And Shows in Hexygons of Milk

the Moon’s Blanket

as not Just Erithu’s cover

or it’s Tidal Barrier………………

the Mother to the Oceans

Fire Element from it’s Crystal

Air from Crystal of Aether

the ground from Inside the Moon

and Wedded

Through the Trans-Axial

to her “heavier” gravitational Mate

Erithu

This is what it means to sin

against the moon

to grow heavy against her

to weigh against her lucid judgement

to tax her serenity

since she, herself, is who spins

the elements

which you inhabit

drawing them together

and combining them

into mural and poesie

and whispers the very aer* of aether

which you breath

*the welsh word aer may or may not refer to the spelling of the ancient word aether, 

a loose derivation

The word αἰθήρ (aithḗr) in Homeric Greek means “pure, fresh air” or “clear sky”

Cooper Pairs

In the case of electrical currents traveling through metal wires, there are three different velocities present, all of them physically meaningful:

  1. The individual electron velocity
  2. The electron drift velocity
  3. The signal velocity

In order to understand each of these speeds and why they are all different and yet physically meaningful, we need to understand the basics of electric currents. Electric currents in metal wires are formed by free electrons that are moving. In the context of typical electric currents in metal wires, free electrons can be thought of as little balls bouncing around in the grid of fixed, heavy atoms that make up the metal wire. Electrons are really quantum entities, but the more accurate quantum picture is not necessary in this explanation. (When you add in quantum effects, the individual electron velocity becomes the “Fermi velocity”.) The non-free electrons, or valence electrons, are bound too tightly to atoms to contribute to the electric current and so can be ignored in this picture. Each free electron in the metal wire is constantly flying in a straight line under its own momentum, colliding with an atom, changing direction because of the collision, and continuing on in a straight line again until the next collision. If a metal wire is left to itself, the free electrons inside constantly fly about and collide into atoms in a random fashion. Macroscopically, we call the random motion of small particles “heat”. The actual speed of an individual electron is the amount of nanometers per second that an electron travels while going in a straight line between collisions. A wire left to itself carries no electric signal, so the individual electron velocity of the randomly moving electrons is just a description of the heat in the wire and not the electric current.

Now, if you connect the wire to a battery, you have applied an external electric field to the wire. The electric field points in one direction down the length of the wire. The free electrons in the wire feel a force from this electric field and speed up in the direction of the field (in the opposite direction, actually, because electrons are negatively charged). The electrons continue to collide with atoms, which still causes them to bounce all around in different directions. But on top of this random thermal motion, they now have a net ordered movement in the direction opposite of the electric field. The electric current in the wire consists of the ordered portion of the electrons’ motion, whereas the random portion of the motion still just constitutes the heat in the wire. An applied electric field (such as from connecting a battery) therefore causes an electric current to flow down the wire. The average speed at which the electrons move down a wire is what we call the “drift velocity”.

(PDF) A Lorentz Invariant Pairing Mechanism: Relativistic Cooper Pairs (researchgate.net)We study a Lorentz invariant pairing mechanism that arises when two relativistic spin-1/2 fermions are subjected to a Dirac string coupling. In the weak coupling regime, we find remarkable analogies between this relativistic bound system and the well known superconducting Cooper pair. As the coupling strength is raised, quenched phonons become unfrozen and dynamically contribute to the gluing mechanism, which translates into novel features of this relativistic superconducting pair.

Relativistic Quantization of Cooper Pairs and Distributed Electrons in Rotating Superconductors | SpringerEven though the electrons are, on average, drifting down the wire at the drift velocity, this does not mean that the effects of the electrons’ motion travels at this velocity. Electrons are not really solid balls. They do not interact with each other by literally knocking into each other’s surfaces. Rather, electrons interact through the electromagnetic field. The closer two electrons get to each other, the stronger they repel each other through their electromagnetic fields. The interesting thing is that when an electron moves, its field moves with it, so that the electron can push another electron farther down the wire through its field long before physically reaching the same location in space as this electron. As a result, the electromagnetic effects can travel down a metal wire much faster than any individual electron can. These “effects” are fluctuations in the electromagnetic field as it couples to the electrons and propagates down the wire. Since energy and information are carried by fluctuations in the electromagnetic field, energy and information also travel much faster down an electrical wire than any individual electron.

Link

Chirality in Relativistic Electrons

Tuning the valley and chiral quantum state of Dirac electrons in van der Waals heterostructures – NASA/ADS (harvard.edu)Chirality is a fundamental property of electrons with the relativistic spectrum found in graphene and topological insulators. It plays a crucial role in relativistic phenomena, such as Klein tunneling, but it is difficult to visualize directly. Here, we report the direct observation and manipulation of chirality and pseudospin polarization in the tunneling of electrons between two almost perfectly aligned graphene crystals. We use a strong in-plane magnetic field as a tool to resolve the contributions of the chiral electronic states that have a phase difference between the two components of their vector wave function. Our experiments not only shed light on chirality, but also demonstrate a technique for preparing graphene’s Dirac electrons in a particular quantum chiral state in a selected valley.

BEC’s at “normal” tempSuperconductivity is induced in a normal metal (N) in contact with a superconductor (S) via the Andreev reflection (AR)3: an electron entering S from N pairs to another electron to form a Cooper pair, leaving a hole-like quasiparticle that is transmitted back into N. Electron and hole coherently propagate with parallel opposite wavevectors, carrying superconducting correlations into N. This mechanism allows supercurrent flow and Josephson coupling across S–N–S junctions12.

 here we observe Klein-like tunnelling of Andreev electron–hole pairs that carry superconducting correlations from the high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) into graphene

Fabricating YBCO/graphene devices with electron-transparent interfaces has remained challenging17. Contrary to low-temperature superconductors2,4,11,13,14,15,16,18,19,20, YBCO cannot be grown on graphene due to its deposition conditions (hundreds of °C, oxygen-rich atmosphere). Conversely, the surface electronic properties of YBCO are easily degraded by standard graphene fabrication and lithography techniques. To circumvent those constraints, we used 50-nm-thick YBCO films grown on SrTiO3 (STO) and covered in situ with an ultrathin 4 nm Au layer. 

Quantum tunneling and Chiral Engineering >jos. junc

Abstract

We present a survey of the physical nature of solitons in magnetically ordered crystals. The description of such solitons is based on both classical and quasi-classical mechanics. The magnetic soliton is regarded as a bound state of a large number of elementary magnetic excitations, i.e. magnons. Mathematical considerations of solitons in one-, two- and three-dimensional magnets are proposed. Dynamic and topological solitons, domain walls, rotary waves, magnetic vortices and magnon drops are treated in terms of the general approach. Both ferromagnets with different types of anisotropy (easy axis, easy plane, XYZ-anisotropy) and antiferromagnets are discussed. The difference between dynamic and topological solitons is explained.

Tuning the valley and chiral quantum state of Dirac electrons in van der Waals heterostructures | Science (sciencemag.org)

Engineering chiral solitons and density-dependent gauge fields in Raman-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates | JILA – Exploring the Frontiers of Physics (colorado.edu)

We investigate the quantum dynamics of Raman-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates driven by laser beams that carry orbital angular momentum. By adiabatically eliminating the excited atomic state we obtain an effective two-state Hamiltonian for the coupled condensates, and quantization of the matter-wave fields results in collapse and revivals in the quantum dynamics. We show that the revival period depends on whether the initial nonrotating condensate displays broken U(1) symmetry or not, and that the difference may be detected by measuring the motion of quantized vortices that are nested in the density profile of the Raman-coupled condensates. We further study the steady-state population transfer using a linear sweep of the two-photon detuning, by which the atomic population is coherently transferred from an initial nonrotating state to the final vortex state.

In 1929, physicist Oskar Klein obtained a surprising result by applying the Dirac equation to the familiar problem of electron scattering from a potential barrier. In nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, electron tunneling into a barrier is observed, with exponential damping. However, Klein’s result showed that if the potential is of the order of the electron mass, {\displaystyle V\sim mc^{2}}V∼mc2, the barrier is nearly transparent. Moreover, as the potential approaches infinity, the reflection diminishes and the electron is always transmitted. The immediate application of the paradox was to Rutherford’s proton–electron model for neutral particles within the nucleus, before the discovery of the neutron. The paradox presented a quantum mechanical objection to the notion of an electron confined within a nucleus. This clear and precise paradox suggested that an electron could not be confined within a nucleus by any potential well. The meaning of this paradox was intensely debated

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Critical Data

Andromeda’s Eye

Blackness surrounds complex matter in grace
While atoms curl around a gaseous nebula in space
Existing in a state where time has little meaning or place
Resides a peering eye with a light sensitive retina encased

Beautiful outlines of colorful gasses, like makeup eyes behind rose tinted glasses
She wears pearls on her oblong cheeks, sobbing tears lost from eyelash peaks
There is no god, only Andromeda’s eye. Casting new worlds as we reach to the sky
Vesting new life with a goddess-like fury, in lust with creationist passion and glory

One day the universe will meet it’s end, entropy frozen, all life will suspend
Thermodynamic energies decrease, as her eye and the world she created will cease.
We pray to the space goddess with hydrogen eyes
Hopeful her universe never dies

– Rara Carbon

Thank you for reading!
I am new to poetry so critique and feedback are welcomed.
I am a biology major but I wanted to change gears a tad and write something about astrophysics and existentialism, specifically The Heat Death Of The Universe.

Myoglobin: synthetic storage of Oxygen

Functional conversion of myoglobin bound to synthetic bilayer membranes: from dioxygen storage protein to redox enzyme | Journal of the American Chemical Society (acs.org)

echniques to produce functional, artificial nanostructures have been developed.(9, 17, 21-27) The structures that can be created artificially follow one of two major methodologies: (i) using nature as a guide in the creation of biomimetic systems;(1, 8, 10, 14, 15, 17, 18, 20, 28-30) or (ii) creating entirely synthetic and distinctively unnatural assemblies.(1, 8) While both methods enjoy the benefits of the “bottom-up” approach,(1, 3-5, 18, 31) only the biomimetic route benefits from enhancements made during millennia of natural selection, while still retaining the flexibility to take advantage of new ideas.(7, 10, 17, 32, 33)The self-assembly of amphiphilic molecules in aqueous environments is an

Chapter 2 – Myoglobin (phattimes.com)

at the core, it is an oxygen-binding protein in red blood cells. In humans, myoglobin is only found in the bloodstream after muscle injury. High concentrations of myoglobin in muscle cells allow organisms to hold their breath for a longer period of time. Diving mammals such as whales and seals have muscles with particularly high abundance of myoglobin. Myoglobin is found in Type I muscle, Type II A, and Type II B, but most texts consider myoglobin not to be found in smooth muscle. Myoglobin was the first protein to have its three-dimensional structure revealed by X-ray crystallography. This

DOC014 (caltech.edu)

S
Most organisms require molecular oxygen in order to survive. The dioxygen is
used in a host of biochemical transformations, although most is consumed in
the reaction
(4.1)
that is the terminal (or primary) step of oxidative phosphorylation (Chapters 5
and 6). For some small animals and for plants, where the surface-to-volume
cr400085m 1..75 (acs.org)ratio is large, an adequate supply of dioxygen can be obtained from simple
diffusion across cell membranes. The dioxygen may be extracted from air or
water; for plants that produce dioxygen in photosynthesis, it is als

Myoglobin blood test: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia

Amphiphilicmolecules, comprising hydrophobic and hydrophilic moieties and the intrinsic propensity to self‐assemble in aqueousenvironment, sustain a fascinating spectrum of structures and functions ranging from biological membranes to ordinary soap.Author: Shaoyu Chen, Romain Costil, Franco King-Chi Leung, Ben L FeringaCited by: 1Publish Year: 2021